Essay Towards A Real Character

Journal of the History of Ideas

Description: Since its inception in 1940, the Journal of the History of Ideas (JHI) has served as a medium for the publication of research in intellectual history that is of common interest to scholars and students in a wide range of fields. It is committed to encouraging diversity in regional coverage, chronological range, and methodological approaches. JHI defines intellectual history expansively and ecumenically, including the histories of philosophy, of literature and the arts, of the natural and social sciences, of religion, and of political thought. It also encourages scholarship at the intersections of cultural and intellectual history -- for example, the history of the book and of visual culture.

Coverage: 1940-2014 (Vol. 1, No. 1 - Vol. 75, No. 4)

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ISSN: 00225037

EISSN: 10863222

Subjects: History, History

Collections: Arts & Sciences I Collection, JSTOR Essential Collection

Monday 13th.of April 1668. At a Meeting of the Council of the ROYAL SOCIETY:

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To the Right Honourable WILLIAM LORD VISCOUNT BROUNCKER, PRESIDENT; Together with the rest of the COVNCIL and FELLOWS of the ROYAL SOCIETY.



part 1

CHAP. I. I. The Introduction. II. The Original of Languages. III. The first Mother-tongues. IV. Their several Off-springs.

CHAP. II. I. Concerning the various changes and corruptions to which all vulgar Languages are obnoxious. II. Particularly concerning the changes of the English tongue. III. Whether any Language, formerly in use, be now wholly lost. IV. Concerning the first rise and occasion of new Languages.

CHAP. III. I. The Original of Letters and Writing. II. That all Letters were de∣rived from the Hebrew. III. The use of Letters is less ancient, and the kinds of them less numerous, then of the Languages themselves. IV. Of Notes for Secrecy or Brevity. V. Of real Characters. VI. Of Alphabets in general.

CHAP. IV. I. The Defects in the common Alphabets, as to their true Order. II. Iust Number. III. Determinate Powers. IV. Fitting Names. V. Pro∣per Figures of the Letters. VI. The Imperfections belonging to the Words of Language, as to their Equivocalness, variety of Synonymous words, uncertain Phraseologies, improper way of Writing.

CHAP. V. I. That neither Letters nor Languages have been regularly established by the rules of Art. II. The natural Ground or Principle of the several ways of Communication amongst men. III. The first thing to be pro∣vided for in the establishing of a Philosophical Character or Language, is a just enumeration of all such things and notions to which names are to be assigned.

The Second Part, Conteining a regular enumeration and description of all those things and notions to which names are to be assigned.

CHAP. II. I. Concerning GOD. II. Of the several things and notions reducible under that collective Genus of WORLD.

CHAP. XII. I. A general Explication of the design of the foregoing Tables. II. Par∣ticular Instances in the six principal heads of it. III. Some things to be noted concerning Opposites and Synonyma. IV. An enume∣ration of what kinds of things are not to be particularly provided for in such tables.

PART. III. Concerning Natural Grammar.

CHAP. I. 1. Concerning the several kinds and Parts of Grammar. 2. Of Etymo∣logy, the general Scheme of Integralls and Particles. 3. Of Nouns in general. 4. Of Substantives Common, denoting either Things, Acti∣ons, or Persons. 5. Rules concerning Nouns of Action. 6. Of Sub∣stantive abstracts. 7. Of Adjectives according to the true Philosophi∣cal notion of them. 8. The true notion of a Verb. 9. Of derived Adverbs. 10. A general Scheme of the fore-mentioned Derivations.

CHAP. II. 1. Of Particles in general. 2. Of the Copula. 3. Of Pronouns more generally. 4. More Particularly. 5. Of Interjections more gene∣rally. 6. More Particularly.

CHAP. III. § I. Of Prepositions in General. § II. The particular kinds of them. § III. Explication of the four last Combinations of them, relating to Place, or Time.

CHAP. IV. I. Of Adverbs in General. II. The Particular kinds of them. III. Of Conjunctions.

CHAP. V. I. Of Articles. II. Of Modes. III. Of Tenses. IV. The most distinct way of expressing the differences of Time.

CHAP. VI. I. Of Transcendental Particles, The end and use of them. II. The usual ways for enlarging the sense of words in In∣stituted Languages. III. The General Heads of Transcen∣dental Particles.

CHAP. VII. Instances of the great usefulness of these Transcendental Parti∣cles, with directions how they are to be applyed.

CHAP. VIII. Of the Accidental Difference of words. I. Inflexion. II. De∣rivation. III. Composition.

CHAP. IX. Of the second part of Grammar called Syntax.

CHAP. X. Of Orthography. I. Concerning the doctrine of Letters: the Authors who have treated of this Subject. II. A brief Table of such simple sounds as can be framed by men. III. A fur∣ther explication of this Table, as to the Organs of Speech, and as to the letters framed by these Organs.

CHAP. XI. Of Vowels.

CHAP. XII. Of Consonants.

CHAP. XIV. Of the Accidents of Letters. 1. Their Names. 2. Their Or∣der. 3. Their Affinities and Opposition. 4. Their Fi∣gure, with a twofold Instance of a more regular Character for the Letters, the latter of which may be stiled Natural. 5. Of Pronunciation. 6. Of the several letters disused by several Nations.

PART IV. Concerning a Real Character, and a Philosophi∣cal Language.

CHAP. I. The Proposal of one kind of Real Character (amongst many others which might be offered) both for the Integrals, whether Genus's, Differences or Species, together with the Derivati∣os and Inflexions belonging to them, as likewise for all the several kinds of Particles.

CHAP. III. How this Real Character may be made effable in a distinct Lan∣guage, and what kind of Letters or Syllables may be conveni∣ently assigned to each Character.

CHAP. V. Directions for the more easie Learning of this Character and Language, together with a brief Table containing the Ra∣dicals, both Integrals and Particles; together with the Character and Language by which each of these is to be exprest.














HERB accord to the LEAF

HERB accor. to the Flow.

HERB acc to the SEEDV.













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