Barbed Hook Definition In Essay

Angling is a method of fishing by means of an "angle" (fish hook). The hook is usually attached to a fishing line and the line is often attached to a fishing rod. Fishing rods are usually fitted with a fishing reel that functions as a mechanism for storing, retrieving and paying out the line. Tenkara fishing and cane pole fishing are two techniques that do not use a reel. The hook itself can be dressed with bait, but sometimes a lure, with hooks attached to it, is used in place of a hook and bait. A bite indicator such as a float, and a weight or sinker are sometimes used.

Angling is the principal method of sport fishing, but commercial fisheries also use angling methods such as longlining or trolling. Catch and release fishing is increasingly practiced by recreational fishermen. In many parts of the world, size limits apply to certain species, meaning fish below and/or above a certain size must, by law, be released.

The species of fish pursued by anglers vary with geography. Among the many species of salt water fish that are caught for sport are swordfish, marlin, tuna, while in Europe cod and bass are popular targets. In North America the most popular fresh water sport species include bass, pike, walleye, muskellunge, yellow perch, trout, salmon, crappie, bluegill and sunfish. In Europe a large number of anglers fish for species such as carp, pike, tench, rudd, roach, European perch, catfish and barbel. South Africa has a great fishing coast where anglers fish for species like cod, White Steenbras, and Mussel Cracker, although many anglers never know what they'll catch. Some fish are sought for their value as food, others are pursued for their fighting abilities or for the difficulty of pursuit.

Hooks[edit]

Main article: Fishing hook

The use of the hook in angling is descended, historically, from what would today be called a "gorge." The word "gorge", in this context, comes from the French word meaning "throat." Gorges were used by ancient peoples to capture fish and animals like seal, walrus and birds. A gorge was a long, thin piece of bone or stone attached by its midpoint to a thin line. The gorge would be baited so that it would rest parallel to the lay of the line. When the game would swallow the bait, a tug on the line would cause the gorge to orient itself at right angles to the line, thereby sticking in the fish or animal's throat or gullet. Gorges evolved into the modern fishing hook which is a J shaped wire with a loop on one end and a sharp point on the other. Most hooks have a barb near the point to prevent a fish from unhooking itself while being reeled in. Some laws and regulations require hooks to be barbless. This rule is commonly implemented to protect populations of certain species. A barbed hook could kill a fish if it were to penetrate the gills.

Baits[edit]

Main article: Fishing bait

Which of the various techniques an angler may choose is dictated mainly by the target species and by its habitat. Angling can be separated into two main categories: using either artificial or natural baits.

Artificial baits[edit]

Many people prefer to fish solely with lures, which are artificial baits designed to entice fish to strike. The artificial bait angler uses a man-made lure that may or may not represent prey. The lure may require a specialised presentation to impart an enticing action as, for example, in fly fishing. A common way to fish a soft plastic worm is the Texas Rig.

Natural baits[edit]

The natural bait angler, with few exceptions, will use a common prey species of the fish as an attractant. The natural bait used may be alive or dead. Common natural baits for both fresh and saltwater fishing include worms, leeches, minnows, frogs, salamanders, octopus, squid, insects and even prawn . Natural baits are effective due to the real texture, odour and colour of the bait presented.

The common earthworm is a universal bait for fresh water angling. Grubs and maggots are also excellent bait when trout fishing. Grasshoppers, bees and even ants are also used as bait for trout in their season, although many anglers believe that trout or salmon roe is superior to any other bait. In lakes in southern climates such as Florida, fish such as sunfish will take bread bait. Bread bait is a small amount of bread, often moistened by saliva, balled up to a small size that is bite size to small fish.

Spreading disease[edit]

See also: Fish diseases and parasites

The capture, transportation and culture of bait fish can spread damaging organisms between ecosystems, endangering them. In 2007, several American states, enacted regulations designed to slow the spread of fish diseases, including viral hemorrhagic septicemia, by bait fish.[1] Because of the risk of transmitting Myxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease), trout and salmon should not be used as bait.

Anglers may increase the possibility of contamination by emptying bait buckets into fishing venues and collecting or using bait improperly. The transportation of fish from one location to another can break the law and cause the introduction of fish alien to the ecosystem.

Laws and regulations[edit]

Laws and regulations managing angling vary greatly, often regionally, within countries. These commonly include permits (licences), closed periods (seasons) where specific species are unavailable for harvest, restrictions on gear types, and quotas.

Laws generally prohibit catching fish with hooks other than in the mouth (foul hooking, "snagging" or "jagging"[2]) or the use of nets other than as an aid in landing a captured fish. Some species, such as bait fish, may be taken with nets, and a few for food. Sometimes, (non-sport) fish are considered of lesser value and it may be permissible to take them by methods like snagging, bow and arrow, or spear. None of these techniques fall under the definition of angling since they do not rely upon the use of a hook and line.

Fishing seasons[edit]

Fishing seasons are set by countries or localities to indicate what kinds of fish may be caught during sport fishing (also known as angling) for a certain period of time. Fishing seasons are enforced to maintain ecological balance and to protect species of fish during their spawning period during which they are easier to catch.

Slot limits[edit]

Slot limits are put in action to help protect certain fish in given area. They generally require anglers to release captured fish if they fall within a given size range, allowing anglers to keep only smaller or larger fish.[3][4] Slot Limits vary from lake to lake depending on what local officials believe would produce the best outcome for managing fish populations.

Catch and release[edit]

Main article: Catch and release

Although most anglers keep their catch for consumption, catch and release fishing is increasingly practised, especially by fly anglers. The general principle is that releasing fish allows them to survive, thus avoiding unintended depletion of the population. For species such as marlin, muskellunge, and bass, there is a cultural taboo among anglers against taking them for food. In many parts of the world, size limits apply to certain species, meaning fish below a certain size must, by law, be released. It is generally believed that larger fish have a greater breeding potential. Some fisheries have a slot limit that allows the taking of smaller and larger fish, but requiring that intermediate sized fish be released. It is generally accepted that this management approach will help the fishery create a number of large, trophy-sized fish. In smaller fisheries that are heavily fished, catch and release is the only way to ensure that catchable fish will be available from year to year. The practice of catch and release is criticised by some who consider it unethical to inflict pain upon a fish for purposes of sport. Some of those who object to releasing fish do not object to killing fish for food. Adherents of catch and release dispute this charge, pointing out that fish commonly feed on hard and spiky prey items, and as such can be expected to have tough mouths, and also that some fish will re-take a lure they have just been hooked on, a behaviour that is unlikely if hooking were painful. Opponents of catch and release fishing would find it preferable to ban or to severely restrict angling. On the other hand, proponents state that catch-and-release is necessary for many fisheries to remain sustainable, is a practice that generally has high survival rates, and consider the banning of angling as not reasonable or necessary.[5]

In some jurisdictions, in the Canadian province of Manitoba, for example, catch and release is mandatory for some species such as brook trout. Many of the jurisdictions which mandate the live release of sport fish also require the use of artificial lures and barbless hooks to minimise the chance of injury to fish. Mandatory catch and release also exists in the Republic of Ireland where it was introduced as a conservation measure to prevent the decline of Atlantic salmon stocks on some rivers.[6] In Switzerland, catch and release fishing is considered inhumane and was banned in September 2008.[7]

Barbless hooks, which can be created from a standard hook by removing the barb with pliers or can be bought, are sometimes resisted by anglers because they believe that increased escapement results. Barbless hooks reduce handling time, thereby increasing survival. Concentrating on keeping the line taut while fighting fish, using recurved point or "triple grip" style hooks on lures, and equipping lures that do not have them with split rings can significantly reduce escapement.

Capacity for pain[edit]

Further information: Pain in fish

Animal protection advocates have raised concerns about the suffering of fish caused by angling. In light of recent research, some countries, like Germany, have banned specific types of fishing and the British RSPCA now formally prosecutes individuals who are cruel to fish.[8]

Experiments done by William Tavolga provide evidence that fish have pain and fear responses. For instance, in Tavolga’s experiments, toadfish grunted when electrically shocked and over time they came to grunt at the mere sight of an electrode.[9] Additional tests conducted at both the University of Edinburgh and the Roslin Institute, in which bee venom and acetic acid was injected into the lips of rainbow trout, resulted in fish rubbing their lips along the sides and floors of their tanks, which the researchers believe was an effort to relieve themselves of pain.[10] One researcher argues about the definition of pain used in the studies.[11]

In 2003, Scottish scientists at the University of Edinburgh performing research on rainbow trout concluded that fish exhibit behaviors often associated with pain, and the brains of fish fire neurons in the same way human brains do when experiencing pain.[12][13] James D. Rose of the University of Wyoming critiqued the study, claiming it was flawed, mainly since it did not provide proof that fish possess "conscious awareness, particularly a kind of awareness that is meaningfully like ours".[14] Rose argues that since the fish brain is rather different from ours, fish are not conscious, whence reactions similar to human reactions to pain instead have other causes. Rose had published his own opinion a year earlier arguing that fish cannot feel pain as they lack the appropriate neocortex in the brain.[15] However, animal behaviorist Temple Grandin argues that fish could still have consciousness without a neocortex because "different species can use different brain structures and systems to handle the same functions."[13] The position that Rose takes also fails to address unresolved empirical and philosophical considerations concerning pain, as raised by principles of epistemology,[16]solipsism, existentialism, and comparative ethology.[17] Until such problems are far more fundamentally resolved, there are strong arguments for refraining from causing the appearance of pain or behaviour consistent with pain, insofar as such things might be reasonably avoidable.[18] However, in 2012, a group of researchers led by Rose reviewed the literature, and concluded again that fish are not conscious and therefore do not feel pain.[19]

Tournaments and derbies[edit]

Main article: Fishing tournament

Sometimes considered within the broad category of angling is where contestants compete for prizes based on the total length or weight of a fish, usually of a pre-determined species, caught within a specified time (fishing tournaments). Such contests have evolved from local fishing contests into large competitive circuits, where professional anglers are supported by commercial endorsements. Professional anglers are not engaged in commercial fishing, even though they gain an economic reward. Similar competitive fishing exists at the amateur level with fishing derbies. In general, derbies are distinguished from tournaments; derbies normally require fish to be killed. Tournaments normally deduct points if fish can not be released alive.[citation needed]

Motivation[edit]

A ten-year-long survey of US fishing club members, completed in 1997, indicated that motivations for recreational angling have shifted from relaxation, an outdoor experience and the experience of the catch, to the importance of family recreation. Anglers with higher family incomes fished more frequently and were less concerned about obtaining fish as food.[20]

A German study indicated that satisfaction derived from angling was not dependent on the actual catch, but depended more on the angler’s expectations of the experience.[21]

A 2006 study by the Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries tracked the motivations of anglers on the Red River. Among the most often stated responses were the fun of catching fish, the experience, to catch a lot of fish or a very large fish, for challenge, and adventure. Use as food was not investigated as a motive.[22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^DNR Fishing Regulation Changes Reflect Disease Management Concerns with VHSArchived 2008-12-14 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^Illegal fishing methods NSW Government Industry and Investment. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
  3. ^"Fishing limits - What is a slot limit?". Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. Archived from the original on 8 December 2012. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  4. ^"What are slot limits?". Kansas Department of Wildlife, Parks and Tourism. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  5. ^Understanding the Complexity of Catch and Release in Recreational Fishing: An Integrative Synthesis of Global Knowledge from Historical, Ethical, Social, and Biological Perspectives [1] Published in Reviews in Fisheries Science, Volume 15, Issue 1 & 2 January 2007, pages 75 - 167 Authors: Robert Arlinghaus; Steven J. Cooke; Jon Lyman; David Policansky; Alexander Schwab; Cory Suski; Stephen G. Sutton; Eva B. Thorstad
  6. ^Fishing in Ireland Catch and Release for Atlantic Salmon
  7. ^Animal Rights Law Passed in Switzerland - Catch and Release Fishing Banned
  8. ^"Anglers to Face RSPCA Check", Sunday Times, 14 March 2004
  9. ^Dunayer, Joan, "Fish: Sensitivity Beyond the Captor's Grasp," The Animals' Agenda, July/August 1991, pp. 12-18
  10. ^Vantressa Brown, “Fish Feel Pain, British Researchers Say,” Agence France-Presse, 1 May 2003
  11. ^“Do fish have nociceptors: Evidence for the evolution of a vertebrate sensory system”, 2003 by Sneddon, Braithwaite and Gentle. A critique of the paper by James D. Rose, Ph.D. Department of Zoology and Physiology University of WyomingArchived May 17, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^"Fish do feel pain, scientists say". BBC News. 2003-04-30. Retrieved 2010-04-25. 
  13. ^ abGrandin, Temple; Johnson, Catherine (2005). Animals in Translation. New York, New York: Scribner. pp. 183–184. ISBN 0-7432-4769-8. 
  14. ^Rose, J.D. 2003. A Critique of the paper: "Do fish have nociceptors: Evidence for the evolution of a vertebrate sensory system"Archived March 26, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.</
  15. ^James D. Rose, Do Fish Feel Pain?Archived November 29, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., 2002. Retrieved September 27, 2007.
  16. ^Smullyan, Raymond (1984). Five thousand b.c. & other philosophical fantasies. S.l: Palgrave. ISBN 978-0-312-29517-2. 
  17. ^Hofstadter, Douglas (1981). The mind's I : fantasies and reflections on self and soul. Brighton, Sussex, England: Harvester Press. ISBN 0-7108-0352-4. 
  18. ^Newall, Charles F. "The problem of pain in nature." Publisher: Paisley : Alexander Gardner (1917). May be downloaded from: https://archive.org/details/problemofpaininn00newauoft
  19. ^JD Rose JD, R Arlinghaus, SJ Cooke, BK Diggles, W Sawynok, ED Stevens and CDL Wynne (2012) http://anglingcymru.org.uk/resources/RoseEtAl_FishFish_online_2012.pdf[permanent dead link] Fish and Fisheries. doi:10.1111/faf.12010
  20. ^Schramm, H. L.; Gerard, P. D. (2004). "Temporal changes in fishing motivation among fishing club anglers in the United States – Abstract". Fisheries Management and Ecology. 11 (5): 313. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2400.2004.00384.x. Retrieved 2009-05-06. 
  21. ^Arlinghaus, Robert (2006). "On the apparently striking disconnect between motivation and satisfaction in recreational fishing : the case of catch orientation of german anglers". North American journal of fisheries management. 26 (3): 592. doi:10.1577/M04-220.1. Retrieved 2009-05-06. 
  22. ^Yeong Nain Chi Socioeconomic Research and Development Section Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. "Segmenting Fishing Markets Using Motivations"(PDF). e-Review of Tourism Research (eRTR), Vol. 4, No.3, 2006. Archived from the original(PDF) on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2009-05-06. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Angling.
Wikisource has original works on the topic: Angling
Green Highlander, an artificial fly used for salmon fishing.

Essay hooks

Published under Tips for writing an essay On 19 Jun 2015

Every writer, whether a professional or a student, will always have his/her audience in mind when putting a pen on the paper. He/she will wish that every person that comes across his/her piece of writing will read it to the end. This is the reason you will stare at a blank page for hours thinking of the best title to give your piece of writing, or the best way to start.

A hook is so effective instilling curiosity and luring readers to keep reading to the end of your paper. The way a tip of an iceberg notify us of the massive iceberg below the water surface is the way a hook creates an impression on the reader of more interesting literature in the body of the piece of writing. There are different types of hooks and their use in writing depends both on the creativity of the writer and the type of the piece of writing. Some hooks cannot be used in formal writing unless when used with a lot of literary creativity.

If readers come across an essay you have written and decides ‘when to read it’, or ‘not to read it at all’, then this is a must-read article for you. What you need are skills to persuade your audience to read to the end without postponing or quitting. You need not only to use hooks in the introductory parts of your essay, but also to use them correctly. A hook is a glue for readers to a particular piece of writing. A hook is a bait for readers.

An essay hook is the first few lines of the essay that serve to introduce the essay to the readers. As we all know the introduction of an essay may capture or bore the reader depending on how the author has structured it. To compel an audience to continue reading your piece of writing, the best tools to use in the introduction of your essay are Essay hooks. Proper and creative use of hooks will make your essay be perceived as interesting by readers even before they read the main body. An essay hook to a writer is like a fishing rod to a fisherman! Please note that you can hire a writer to write a hooks for your essay anytime.

Examples of Popular Essay Hooks:

Anecdote

This can be a short humorous story of an experience. Beginning a formal essay with a joke sounds awkward. However, you capitalize on that funny or absurd attitude that will develop in the reader's mind. It will compel the reader to move to the next sentence or paragraph to find out the reason for the anecdote, and you got it!

Example; A group composed of philosophers, theologists and scientists joined hands to determine what race and tribe God is. The Philosophers argued that God's son was Jewish; hence God too could be Jewish. Others…”

An Involving Question

A question that engages the reader of an essay in determining the answer is a perfect hook! Such questions should not have a direct ‘yes or no’ answer. The reader will obviously be persuaded to read more to get the answer and compare it with his/her thoughts.

Example: “Have you ever wondered if Adam had an umbilical cord despite him being created and not born?”

A Literary Quote

When writing an essay about a certain topic, check authors that have addressed the same topic, and seek especially those whose perspective was different from what your topic is likely to suggest. Such a quote that creates an argumentative environment, even before you state your stand in writing will be very tempting for the reader. He/she may want to know if the quote actually communicates your position. A literary quote is ideal for use in an Argumentative essay. The quote should, however, relate to the theme of the essay. For instance; in an essay discussing an unrealistic or idealist phenomenon, a quote from Romeo and Juliet would be so engaging to the reader.

Quotes of Famous People

Opening your essay with a quote from a globally or nationally famous person (depending on your target audience) will be so influential. For example; A Quote by Barack Obama, Mahatma Gandhi, Nelson Mandela or the Pope will glue the reader of your essay.

A Factual Hook

Facts will surprise the readers and persuade them to read more to get the details. Start your essay with an interesting fact about your subject of discussion in the essay and the audience will not help reading the entire paper!

For Example; Smoking causes 1 in every 5 deaths in the U.S. every year.

A Scene Hook

Giving a vivid description of something such as a place, an incident or a person will make the reader visualize, creating a picture in their minds. When this happens, you have already captured the reader!

For example: “Visiting Mt. Kenya Resort is more soothing than climbing the mountain. The view of zebras and giraffes grazing on the green field on one side, a river quietly flowing on the other, and the mountain creamed with snow at the peaks is so relaxing.”

Don’t Forget!

After hooking the reader of your essay on the introductory paragraph of yours, Do Not Unhook him/her in the second and subsequent paragraphs. Try to capture his/her attention to the end. The conclusion of the essay should be equally captivating. Essay hooks are at your disposal to achieve this!

To find additional information about Hooks in writing you can:

- check our short-fun video on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RKhkVcL1gfo

- check our infographic collection (including Essay Hooks): https://plus.google.com/u/0/collection/gPcW9

More Examples and Ideas of Good Hooks for your Essay

The introductory section of an essay is essential since it determines whether the reader will be interested in continuing to read the text or not. For this reason, the use of essay hooks is necessary to perform the task of leading and grabbing the attention of the reader regarding the subject of a particular essay. There are several types of hooks that one could consider making their work interesting to read. Thus, this paper seeks to carry out an exploration of the different types of essay hooks and provide the relevant examples for each.

Quotation Hooks

The use of a quotation as essay hooks ought to consider its relevance to the topic of essay discussion. Additionally, the quote should be interesting even if it elicits controversy. After the quotation, a discussion of how the quote relates to the issue of discussion should follow so as to grab the attention of the reader.

Example: Hillary Clinton, an influential American politician, once underscored that “We must stop thinking of the individual and start thinking about what is best for society,” thereby unmasking one of the sensitive issues in the politics of the U.S.

Anecdote Hooks

Essay hooks that embrace the use of anecdotes usually provide a brief narration of a funny or interesting occurrence or event. The writer could either use other people’s experiences or their personal experiences with regards to events like fieldwork, research tales, or recollection. It is essential to create a three-dimensional depiction of the story before concluding with a callback that links the arguments presented to the anecdote.

Example: the scorching heat, broad patterns of sand dunes, inadequate potable water, and loss of navigation marked the depth of the adversity experienced by Hussein’s family due to the looming civil war in the youngest Middle East country.

Rhetorical question

In an introduction, rhetoric inquiries are questions asked for impact or accentuation since no answer is anticipated. A commencement paragraph may incorporate one rhetoric question or a progression of them. Utilizing a series of rhetoric inquiry can be viable if every rhetoric question draws the reader more profound into comprehension of the exposition. The reason for one or a few rhetoric question in a paper is, therefore, to create a thought before its presentation in the essay.

Example: for instance, if a document is about grown kids who return home, the author may ask, "Would anyone differ that once kids are grown they ought not to be permitted to move back with their guardians to simply make their lives less demanding?" No answer would be expected as numerous people would contend that grown-up kids who have been all alone need to tackle their particular issues and be in charge of their lives.

Interesting fact

In this sort of a hook, the introduction generates interest about the rest of the article since it draws out a reality presumably not known to many people. The actuality could likewise incorporate statistical information. By attracting upon a striking fact that addresses the inquiry extensively, you can persuasively show your "take" on the answer. Use points that are connected correctly to the watchwords and expressions. Being innovative and bold with an opening actuality can get your reader's consideration.

Example: in the U.S, it is projected that 45% of children and youth are at the risk of committing suicide due to bullying experiences both at school and at home.

Simile or Metaphor

Similes and metaphors are utilized as a part of introducing numerous types of papers. They can be employed to convey a particular message all the more successfully and to place accentuation on a given point. Further, they could be used to unearth a depiction of something with a particular end goal to empower it to have a greater impact on the reader. They can likewise be utilized to improve a specific section of content or to clarify something all the more obviously.

Example: an illustration of a simile in an introduction, "composing a book is a desperate, depleting battle, like to a long episode of some extreme sickness."

Then again, before picking one of the methods above you ought to contemplate your audience. Who is going to peruse your paper and what sort of feelings do you need to evoke in them? Moreover, concentrate on the reason for your written work and pick the most suitable essay hook to bolster your principle thought.

If you like this examples you can additionally download them from our SlideShare profile and find more samples completed by our professional writers.

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